Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram

Advertisement




In JUNE 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India launched the Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), a national initiative which entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery, including caesarean section.

The scheme emphasies utmost importance on “Free Entitlements”. The idea is to eliminate out-of-pocket expenses for both pregnant women and sick neonates. Under this scheme, pregnant women are entitled for free drugs and consumables, free diagnostics, free blood wherever required, and free diet up to 3 days for normal delivery and 7 days for Caesarian section. This initiative also provides for free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home. Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick newborns accessing public health institutions for treatment till 30 days after birth.

The JSSK initiative is estimated to benefit more than one crore pregnant women and newborns who access public health institutions every year in both urban and rural areas.

Why JSSK?

India has made considerable progress in reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), but the pace at which these health indications are declining needs acceleration. The number of institutional deliveries has increased significantly, after the launch of Janani Suraksha Yojna (JSY) in the year 2005 but many of those who opted for institutional deliveries were not willing to stay for 48 hrs, hampering the provisions of essential services both to the mother and neonate. Moreover, the first 48 hours after delivery are critical as complications like haemorrhage, infection, high blood pressure, etc are more likely to develop during this period and unsafe deliveries may result in maternal and infant morbidity or mortality.

Access to mother and child health care services were also hindered by high out of pocket expenses on user charges for OPD, drugs and consumables, diagnostic tests etc. In some cases such as severe anaemia or haemorrhage requiring blood transfusion can also increase immediate expenses. The same becomes still higher in caseC section is being done. So, JSSK has been launched, to ensure that each and every pregnant woman and sick neonates upto one month gets timely access to health care services free of cost and without any out of pocket expenses.

For more GK Current Affairs Click Here

RSS GK Current Affairs

  • 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award
    Bharat Vatwani(India) In electing Bharat Vatwani to receive the 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award, the board of trustees recognizes "his tremendous courage and healing compassion in embracing India's ment
  • Ramon Magsaysay Award
    The Ramon Magsaysay Award is Asia's highest honor and is widely regarded as the region’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize. It celebrates the memory and leadership example of the third Philippine preside
  • Bharatiya Gyanpith Awards (Jnanpith Award)
    On 22nd May, 1961, the fiftieth birthday of Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain, the founder of the Bharatiya Jnanpith, members of his family thought that some unique scheme, commanding national prestige and of i
  • History of FIFA World Cup Football
    The World Cup football tournament is organised by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) once in four years since 1930. It was on July 18, 1930 that the first-ever World Cup matc
  • Nobel Prize 2017
    Nobel Prize in Medicine 2017Three Americans Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young awarded for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling our biological clocks. Mr. Rosbash is on t
  • Nexa IIFA Awards 2018 Winners List
    The 19th edition of the Nexa IIFA (International Indian Film Academy Awards) 2018 was held at Siam Niramit Theatre, Bangkok, Thailand this year. Winner List of IIFA Awards 2018Best Picture - Tumhari
  • International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) Award
    The International Indian Film Academy is a first-of-its-kind effort to promote Indian Cinema globally, thus reaching out to millions of its fans. This pioneering effort is spearheaded by Wizcraft Inte
  • Worlds Most Powerful People 2018
    Like every year Forbes has published World's most powerful person's list for 2018. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China has spot on the top the list followed by Russian Presid
  • News Papers and Journals
    News Papers, Journals & their Founder/EditorsBengal Gazette (India's first news paper in English, published in 1780 from Srirampore, Hoogly near Kolkata) - J. K. Hikki Amrit Bazar Patrika - Shish
  • United Nations Organization (UNO)
    History of United Nation The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942. In 1945, representat