What is Higgs boson?

Advertisement




The Higgs bosn is a particle in the standard model of particle physics. Its existence was postulated in 1960s, to explain why the tiny particles that make up atoms have mass. Physicist Peter Higgs and 5 other theoretical physicists proposed that an invisible field lying across the universe gives particles their mass, allowing them to clump together to form stars and planets. Prof. Higgs predicted that this field, the Higgs Field, would have a signature particle, a massive boson. Finding it would point towards the existence of the field.

Why God particle?

The Higgs is the last missing piece of the standard model, the theory that describes the basic building blocks of the universe. The other 11 particles predicted by the model have been found~the Higgs is the last jigsaw piece. If the particle was not shown to exist, it would have meant tearing up of the standard model and going back to the drawing board.

The Indian Connection

Scientists from the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics(SINP), Kolkata (named after the legendary scientist Prof. Meghnad Saha), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Harishchandra Research Institute, Allahabad and Institute of Physics, Bhuvaneswar were involved in the search for the Higgs boson over the years. SINP scientists contributed to CERN experiments. The core CMS team of the SINP had 5 faculty members  Professors Sunanda Banerjee, Satyaki Bhattacharya, Suchandra Datta, Subir Sarkar and Manoj Saran. And, of course the boson is named after Indian scientists Satyendra Nath Bose who worked with Albert Einstein in the 1920s.

RSS GK Current Affairs

  • History of Indian National Flag
    Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It is a symbol of a free country. The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and adopted in its present form during the meeting of
  • Maharatna Navratna and Miniratna Scheme
    Maharatna Scheme The Government introduced the Maharatna scheme in December 2009 with the objective to delegate enhanced powers to the Boards of identified large sizes of Navratna CPSEs to facilitate
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, the great scholar, academician, and reformer born on 26th September 1820 in Birsingha Village of district Midnapor (now in Paschim Medinipur), West Bengal. His father Tha
  • History of Commonwealth Game
    History: Reverend Ashley Cooper was the first person to propose the idea of having a Pan-Britannic sporting contest to foster a spirit of goodwill and understanding within the British Empire. In 1928,
  • Bharat Ratna Award
    Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order.
  • Famous Lakes and Rivers in India and World
    Lakes Lake Baikal (Russia) is the deepest lake in the world. One of the biggest and most ancient lakes of the world is situated nearly in the center of Asia in a huge stone bowl set 445 m above sea le
  • Famous Cities and River Banks in India and World
    CityCountryRiver AdelaideAustraliaTorrens AmsterdamNetherlandsAmsel AlexandriaEgyptNile AnkaraTurkeyKazil AllahabadIndiaAt the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna AgraIndiaYamuna AyodhyaIndiaSaryu Ahm
  • Popular Names of Personalities
    Popular Name Personality Lady with the lamp Florence Nightingale Grand Old man Dadabhai Naoroji of India Iron Duke Duke of Wellington Guru Ji M. S. Golwalkar Jonn Bull England and the English peo
  • Career Scope in Print Media
    Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines, and newsletters. They hold informative
  • National Sports Awards 2020
    National Sports Awards are given every year to recognize and reward excellence in sports. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is given for the spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field