General Knowledge Current Affairs

Friday, January 27, 2023

Padma Awards 2023

Padma Awards - one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. The Awards are given in various disciplines/ fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc. ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.

These Awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March/ April every year. For the year 2023, the President has approved conferment of 106 Padma Awards including 3 duo cases (in a duo case, the Award is counted as one) as per list below. The list comprises 6 Padma Vibhushan, 9 Padma Bhushan and 91 Padma Shri Awards. 19 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 2 persons from the category of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI and 7 Posthumous awardees.

Read Complete Winner's List

Wednesday, January 25, 2023

Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar-2023

The Government of India under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has instituted an annual award known as Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar to recognize and honour the invaluable contribution and selfless service rendered by individuals and organizations in India in the field of disaster management. The award is announced every year on 23rd January, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The award carries a cash prize of Rs. 51 lahk and a certificate in the case of an institution and Rs. 5 lahk and a certificate in the case of an individual. Under the guidance of the Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation Shri Amit Shah, the country has significantly improved its disaster management practices, preparedness, mitigation, and response mechanisms resulting in a significant reduction in casualties during natural calamities.

For the award of the year 2023, nominations were solicited from 1st July 2022 onwards. The award scheme for the year 2023 was given wide publicity through print, electronic and social media. In response to the award scheme, 274 valid nominations were received from institutions and individuals.

Following is a summary of the outstanding work of the winners of the 2023 Award in the field of Disaster Management:

  • Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA), was established in 1999 in the aftermath of the Super Cyclone. OSDMA embarked on multiple initiatives including raising of the Odisha Disaster Response Action Force (ODRAF), Multi-hazard Early Warning Service (MHEWS) framework, and a cutting-edge technology-enabled web/smartphone-based platform called "SATARK" (System for Assessing, Tracking, and Alerting Disaster Risk Information based on Dynamic Risk Knowledge). OSDMA provided effective response during various cyclones, Hudhud (2014), Fani (2019), Amphan (2020) and Odisha floods (2020). OSDMA conducted disaster preparedness initiatives in building community resilience in 381 tsunami-prone villages/wards and 879 multi-purpose cyclone/ flood shelters located within 1.5 km from coastline.
  • Lunglei Fire Station, Mizoram, responded efficiently and effectively to a massive forest fire which was reported on 24 April 2021 in the uninhabited forest areas that surrounded Lunglei town and spread to more than 10 village council areas. Lunglei Fire Station personnel assisted by local civilians worked continuously for more than 32 hours during which they motivated and provided on the spot training to residents. Due to the valiant, brazen, and prompt efforts of Fire & Emergency staff in the putting out the flames, there was no loss to life and property and the spread of fire to other parts of the State was prevented.

Saturday, January 21, 2023

Mukesh Ambani ranks 2nd on world’s top CEOs list

Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani has ranked second on Brand Finance’s list of the world’s top CEOs. "Brand Finance's Brand Guardianship Index 2023 saw the rise of Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang, and Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries Ltd to 1st and 2nd position respectively. The Brand Guardianship Index, released annually by brand valuation consultancy Brand Finance, celebrates CEOs who balance the needs of commercial success with long-term brand building and personal reputation management.

Mukesh Ambani has overtaken the likes of Microsoft’s Satya Nadella and Google’s Sundar Pichai to rank first among Indian and Indian-origin CEOs on the Brand Guardianship Index 2023.

Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang topped the list of the world’s best CEOs for overseeing the company’s advancement into the next era of computing through focus on artificial intelligence, digital biology, climate sciences, and autonomous vehicles and robotics.

Both Huang and Ambani have overtaken Satya Nadella, who slipped to third place after ranking first in 2022. The fourth spot on the Brand Guardianship Index 2023 went to Adobe’s Shantanu Narayen, while Google CEO Sundar Pichai ranked fifth.

Friday, January 20, 2023

Golden Globe Awards 2023

The 80th annual Golden Globe Awards have taken place in Los Angeles, with The Banshees of Inisherin leading the winners.

Golden Globe Awards 2023 for Film

Best film, drama: "The Fabelmans"

Best film, musical or comedy: "The Banshees of Inisherin"

Best director: Steven Spielberg, "The Fabelmans"

Best actor, drama: Austin Butler, "Elvis"

Best actress, drama: Cate Blanchett, "Tar"

Best actor, musical or comedy: Colin Farrell, "The Banshees of Inisherin"

Best actress, musical or comedy: Michelle Yeoh, "Everything Everywhere All at Once"

Best supporting actor: Ke Huy Quan, "Everything Everywhere All at Once"

Best supporting actress: Angela Bassett, "Black Panther: Wakanda Forever"

Best screenplay: Martin McDonagh, "The Banshees of Inisherin"

Best music, original score: Justin Hurwitz, "Babylon"

Best music, original song: "Naatu Naatu" from "RRR"

Best non-English language film: "Argentina, 1985"

Best animated feature: "Guillermo del Toro's Pinocchio"

Golden Globe Awards 2023 for TV

Best drama series: "House of the Dragon"

Best drama actor: Kevin Costner, "Yellowstone"

Best drama actress: Zendaya, "Euphoria"

Best musical or comedy series: "Abbott Elementary"

Best musical or comedy actor: Jeremy Allen White, "The Bear"

Best musical or comedy actress: Quinta Brunson, "Abbott Elementary"

Best supporting actor, television: Tyler James Williams, "Abbott Elementary"

Best supporting actress, television: Julia Garner, "Ozark"

Best limited series or TV movie: "The White Lotus"

Best limited series or TV movie actor: Evan Peters, "Dahmer - Monster: The Jeffrey Dahmer Story"

Best limited series or TV movie actress: Amanda Seyfried, "The Dropout"

Best limited series supporting actor: Paul Walter Hauser, "Black Bird"

Best limited series supporting actress: Jennifer Coolidge, "The White Lotus"

Thursday, January 19, 2023

Higest individual scores in One Day International Cricket

Score Name of the Batsman
264 Rohit Sharma, India vs Srilanka, Eden Garden, November 2014.
237 Martin Guptill, New Zealand vs West Indies, Wellington, March 2015
219 Virender Sehwag, India vs West Indies, Indore, December 2011.
215 Chris Gayle, West Indies vs Zimbabwe, Canberra, February 2015
209 Rohit Sharma, India vs Australia, Bangalore, November 2013.
208* Rohit Sharma, India vs Sri Lanka, Mohali, December 2017.
208 Shubman Gill, India vs New Zealand, Hyderabad, November 2023.
200 * Sachin Tendulkar, India vs South Africa, Gwalior, February 2010.
194* Charles Coventry, Zimbabwe vs Bangladesh, Bulawayo, August 2009
194 Saheed Anwar, Pakistan vs India, Chennai, May 1997
189* Viv Richards, West Indies vs England, Manchester, May 1984
189 Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lanka vs India, Sharja, October 2000
188* Gary Kirsten, South Africa vs UAE, Rawalpindi, February 1996
186* Sachin Tendulkar, India vs New Zealand, Hyderabad, November 1999
183* Mahendra Singh Dhoni, India vs Sri Lanka, Jaipur, October 2005
183 Virat Kohli, India vs Pakistan, Dhaka, March 2012
183 Sourav Ganguly, India vs Sri Lanka, Taunton, May 1999
181* Mathew Hayden, Australia vs New Zealand, Hamilton, February 2007
181 Viv Richards, West Indies vs Sri Lanka, Karachi, October 1987.

* Not Out

Wednesday, January 18, 2023

FIFA World Cup Football 2022(Qatar)

The World Cup football tournament is organized by the Federation Internationale de Football Association(FIFA) once in four years since 1930. It was on July 18, 1930, that the first-ever World Cup match was played between Uruguay and Chile, at the newly built Centenary Stadium in Montevideo(Uruguay). The World Cup now officially designated as the Jules-Rimet Cup, named after the French lawyer who was the President of FIFA from 1921 to 1953, is 12 inches high and made of solid gold.

Venue: Qatar

Winner: Argentina

Runners: France

Golden Boot: Kylian Mbappé (France)

Silver Boot: Lionel Messi (Argentina)

Bronze Boot: Olivier Giroud (France)

Golden Ball: Lionel Messi (Argentina)

Golden Glove: Emiliano Martinez(Argentina)

Best Young Player Award: Enzo Fernandez (Argentina)

Monday, January 16, 2023

G-20 and India’s Presidency

"India's G20 Presidency will work to promote this universal sense of one-ness. Hence our theme - 'One Earth, One Family, One Future'" – PM Narendra Modi

Development Working Group (DWG)

The DWG meetings aims to discuss developmental issues in Developing Countries (DC), Least Developed Countries (LD) and Island Countries (Small Island Developing States/SIDS). The DWG is a platform for G-20 member countries to come together and prioritize multilateralism, share solutions that promote growth, remap development plans and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal’s targets (SDG). The G-20 possesses the knowledge, expertise, and financial resources required to reverse trajectories that have gone off track.

The DWG held in the 3rd G-20 at Bali between August 10-12, 2022, and concluded with the discussion and finalization of key G-20 agreements. These include G-20 Roadmap for Stronger Recovery and Resilience in DCs, Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and SIDs, the G-20 principles to Scale up Blended Finance in DCs, the G-20 Ministerial Vision Statement: Multilateralism for Sustainable Development Goals( SDGs) Decade of Action and the 2022 G-20 Bali Update.

The first DWG Meeting during India’s Presidency will be held in Mumbai from December 13 -16, 2022. In these meetings, sessions on Data For Development, Role of G-20 in Advancing the 2030 Agenda, Infusing New LiFE into Green Development and Accelerating Progress on the SDGs. The delegates will enjoy cultural events that give them a unique India experience, go for a Gateway of India walk and also an excursion to Kanheri Caves on the last day.

So, what is the G20?

The Group of Twenty (G20) is an intergovernmental forum comprising 19 countries - Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa,Turkey, United Kingdom and United States and the European Union. The G20 members represent around 85% of the global GDP, over 75% of the global trade, and about two-thirds of the world population. The G20 was founded in 1999 after the Asian financial crisis as a forum for the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to discuss global economic and financial issues. It was upgraded to the level of Heads of State/Government in the wake of the global economic and financial crisis of 2007, and, in 2009, was designated the “premier forum for international economic cooperation”.

What is the G20 Summit?

The G20 Summit is held annually, under the leadership of a rotating Presidency.

How does the G20 work?

The G20 Presidency steers the G20 agenda for one year and hosts the Summit. The G20 consists of two parallel tracks: the Finance Track and the Sherpa Track. Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors lead the Finance Track, while Sherpas lead the Sherpa Track.

The Finance Track is led by Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of the member countries. Within the two tracks, there are thematically oriented working groups in which representatives from the relevant ministries of the members as well as from invited/guest countries and various international organisations participate.

The G20 process from the Sherpa Track is coordinated by the Sherpas of member countries, who are personal emissaries of the Leaders. The Sherpa Track oversees inputs from 13 Working Groups, 2 Initiatives – Research Innovation Initiative Gathering (RIIG) and G20 Empower, and various Engagement Groups, all of whom meet throughout the year and develop their Issue Notes and Outcome Documents in parallel. These substantive discussions then feed consensus-based recommendations to the Sherpa Meetings. The outcome document of the Sherpa-level meetings eventually forms the basis of the Leaders' Declaration, which will be debated and signed (after and if consensus is reached) at the final New Delhi Summit in September next year by the Leaders of all G20 member countries.

In addition, there are Engagement Groups which bring together civil societies, parliamentarians, think tanks, women, youth, labour, businesses and researchers of the G20 countries. The Startup20 Engagement Group will be established under India's G20 Presidency for the first time, recognising the role of startups in driving innovation that responds to a rapidly changing global scenario. Active consultation with the Engagement Groups forms an integral part of India's "inclusive ambitious, decisive, and action-oriented", G20 approach, as outlined by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the Bali Summit this year.

India’s G -20 Presidency

India holds the Presidency of the G20 from December 1, 2022 to November 30, 2023. The 43 Heads of Delegations- the largest ever in G20-will be participating in the final New Delhi Summit in September next year.

The G20 Logo draws inspiration from the vibrant colours of India’s national flag – saffron, white and green, and blue. It juxtaposes planet Earth with the lotus, India’s national flower that reflects growth amid challenges. The Earth reflects India’s pro-planet approach to life, one in perfect harmony with nature. Below the G20 logo is “Bharat”, written in the Devanagari script.

The theme of India’s G20 Presidency - “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” or “One Earth · One Family · One Future” - is drawn from the ancient Sanskrit text of the Maha Upanishad. Essentially, the theme affirms the value of all life – human, animal, plant, and microorganisms – and their interconnectedness on the planet Earth and in the wider universe. The theme also spotlights LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment), with its associated, environmentally sustainable, and responsible choices, both at the level of individual lifestyles as well as national development, leading to globally transformative actions resulting in a cleaner, greener and bluer future. For India, the G20 Presidency also marks the beginning of “Amritkaal”, the 25-year period beginning from the 75th anniversary of its independence on 15 August 2022, leading up to the centenary of its independence, towards a futuristic, prosperous, inclusive, and developed society, distinguished by a human-centric approach at its core.

A new working group on Disaster Risk Reduction will be established under India's Presidency to encourage collective work by the G20, undertake multi-disciplinary research, and exchange best practices on disaster risk reduction.

India’s special invitee guest countries are Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, Spain, and UAE. G-20’s invited international organizations are the UN, IMF, World Bank, WHO, WTO, ILO, FSB, OECD, AU Chair, NEPAD Chair, ASEAN Chair, ADB, ISA, and CDRI.

G20 meetings will not be limited only to New Delhi or other metropolises. Drawing inspiration from its G20 Presidency theme of "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam'-"One Earth One Family One Future, as well as the Prime Minister's vision of an 'all of government" approach, India will host over 200 meetings in over 50 cities across 32 different workstreams and would have the opportunity to offer G20 delegates and guests a glimpse of India's rich cultural heritage and provide them with a unique Indian experience. The Presidency is also a chance for the G20 Secretariat to provide the country's citizens with the unique opportunity to be a part of India's G20 story. The Indian G20 presidency has also planned a year-long India Experience' for G20 member countries, special invitees, and others.

What are India's G20 Priorities?

Green Development, Climate Finance & LiFE

The opportunity to lead G20 comes at a time of compounding existential threat, with the COVID-19 pandemic having exposed the fragilities of our systems under the cascading impacts of climate change. In this regard, climate change is a key priority for India’s presidential Presidency, with a particular focus on not only climate finance and technology, but also ensuring just energy transitions for developing nations across the world.

Understanding that the issue of climate change cuts across industry, society, and sectors, India offers the world LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment) -a behavior-based movement that draws from our nation's rich, ancient sustainable traditions to nudge consumers, and in-turn markets, to adopt environmentally-conscious practices. This ties closely with India’s G20 theme: 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' or 'One Earth. One Family. One Future.

Accelerated, Inclusive & Resilient Growth

Accelerated, resilient and inclusive growth is a cornerstone for sustainable development. During its G20 Presidency, India aims to focus on areas that have the potential to bring structural transformation. This includes an ambition to accelerate the integration of MSMEs in global trade, bring in the spirit of trade for growth, promote labour rights and secure labour welfare, address the global skills gap, and build inclusive agricultural value chains and food systems, etc.

Accelerating progress on SDGs

India's G20 Presidency collides with the crucial midpoint of the 2030 Agenda. As such, India acknowledges the detrimental impact of COVID-19, which changed the current decade of action into a decade of recovery. In line with this perspective, India wants to focus on recommitting G20's efforts to achieving the targets laid out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Technological Transformation & Digital Public Infrastructure

As G20 Presidency, India can foreground its belief in a human-centric approach to technology, and facilitate greater knowledge-sharing in priority areas like digital public infrastructure, financial inclusion, and tech-enabled development in sectors ranging from agriculture to education

Multilateral Institutions for the 21st century

India's G20 priority will be to continue pressing for reformed multilateralism that creates a more accountable, inclusive just, equitable, and representative multipolar international system that is fit for addressing the challenges in the 21st century.

Women-led development

India hopes to use the G20 forum to highlight inclusive growth and development, with women empowerment and representation being at the core of India's G20 deliberations. This includes a focus on bringing women to the fore, and in leading positions, in order to boost socio-economic development and achievement of SDGs.

India kick-started its presidency term agenda with a series of cultural initiatives that included various Jan Bhagidari activities, a special University Connect event with 75 educational institutions from across the country, the lighting up of 100 ASI monuments with the G20 logo and colours, and showcasing G20 at the Hombill festival in Nagaland. Sand artist Shri Sudarshan Pattnaik also created sand art of India's G20 logo on Puri beach in Odisha. Various other events, youth activities, cultural performances, and site excursions showcasing the sights and traditions of respective city venues, are also planned throughout the year-long calendar.